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Design, Synthesis and Antitubercular Evaluation of New Benzimidazole Scaffolds

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Smriti Yadav, Bharath Kumar Inturi, Shrinidhi B.R, Pooja H.J, Neenu Ganesh and Gurubasavaraj V. Pujar*   Pages 375 - 383 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: To overcome one of the resistance mechanisms of Isoniazid (INH), there is a need for an antitubercular agent that can inhibit InhA enzyme by circumventing the formation of INH-NAD+ adduct.

Objective: The objective of the study is the development of novel antitubercular agents that target Mycobacterium tuberculosis InhA (Enoyl Acyl Carrier Protein Reductase).

Methods: A small-molecule chemical library was used for the identification of the novel InhA inhibitors using primary screening and molecular docking studies followed by the scaffold hopping approach. The designed molecules, 2-(2-(hydroxymethyl)-1H- benzo[d] imidazole-1-yl)- N- substituted acetamides were synthesized by reacting (1H- benzo[d]imidazole -2-yl)methanol with appropriate 2-chloro-N-substituted acetamides / dialkylamino carbonyl chlorides respectively in good yields (42-65%). The antitubercular activity of synthesized compounds was determined by Microplate Alamar Blue Assay (MABA) against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv strain. The selected compounds were screened for cytotoxicity on normal cell lines.

Results: The antitubercular activity data revealed that the 4-chlorophenyl substituted derivative (3b) showed good MIC value at 6.25 μg/mL and, dimethylacetamide substituted derivative (3i) showed MIC at 25 μg/mL among the tested compounds. The substitution of dimethylacetamide (3i) group on the 1st position of benzimidazole has good antitubercular activity (25μg/mL) in comparison to the diethyl acetamide group (3j, 100μg/mL).

Conclusion: The antitubercular activity data indicated that the tested compounds exhibited well to moderate inhibition of the H37Rv strains. The compounds (3b) with electronegative substitution on the phenyl moiety exhibited better antitubercular activity than that of the other substitutions. The active compounds have displayed a good safety profile on normal cell lines.

Keywords:

Antitubercular, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, InhA, benzimidazole, MABA, isoniazid.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru-570015, Karnataka, School of Pharmacy, Nalla Narasimha Reddy Education Society’s Group of Institutions, Chowdariguda, Ghatkesar Mandal, Telangana 500088, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru-570015, Karnataka, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru-570015, Karnataka, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru-570015, Karnataka, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru-570015, Karnataka

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